By Robert M. Marovich
Marovich follows gospel tune from early hymns and camp conferences during the nice Migration that introduced it to Chicago. In time, the song grew into the sanctified soundtrack of the city's mainline black Protestant church buildings. as well as drawing on print media and ephemera, Marovich mines hours of interviews with approximately fifty artists, ministers, and historians--as good as discussions with relations and pals of prior gospel pioneers--to get better many forgotten singers, musicians, songwriters, and leaders. He additionally examines how an absence of financial chance bred an entrepreneurial spirit that fueled gospel music's upward push to attractiveness and opened a gate to social mobility for a few its practitioners. As Marovich indicates, gospel tune expressed a craving for freedom from earthly pains, racial prejudice, and life's hardships. finally, it proved to be a legitimate too robust and too joyous for even church partitions to hold.
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Additional resources for A City Called Heaven: Chicago and the Birth of Gospel Music
It contained several components that not only defined the verve of Pentecostal worship music but also laid the groundwork for gospel music. First, it included antiphonal, or call-andresponse, singing. Dranes’s exuberant lead singing style eschewed techniques associated with formal vocal training. Second, exclamations of “Amen” and “Hallelujah” punctuated the performance. Third, it incorporated a secular music style (barrelhouse piano). Fourth, it was a simple song and melody that any congregation could learn.
7 “Soldiers in the Army”: The Holiness and Pentecostal Movements Of all the sanctified denominations with presences in Chicago, the Church of God in Christ (COGIC) played the most significant role in planting the seeds of gospel music. COGIC was established initially as a Holiness church in Lexington, Mississippi, by discontented Baptists Charles Price Jones and Charles Harrison Mason. Jones and Mason sought a religious experience that had as 2. “When the Fire Fell” 29 its foundation a commitment to purity and sanctification as the pathway to a state of true holiness.
Once the flock grew in numbers, they traded up to a modest storefront along one of the city’s main commercial avenues, such as Michigan Boulevard, State Street, Indiana Avenue, and South Parkway, now known as Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Drive. The humble space was adorned with whatever furnishings the pastor and the members could afford at the time. ”5 To this list one can add a comfortably appointed seat for the pastor and a potbelly stove to warm the congregation during bone-chilling Chicago winters.
A City Called Heaven: Chicago and the Birth of Gospel Music by Robert M. Marovich