By Majid Fakhry
The 1st complete survey of Islamic philosophy from the 7th century to the current, this vintage discusses Islamic inspiration and its influence at the cultural facets of Muslim lifestyles. Fakhry indicates how Islamic philosophy has from the earliest instances a particular line of improvement, which provides it the solidarity and continuity which are the marks of the good highbrow routine of heritage.
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Ibn Abi Usaybi'ah, 'Uyon, I, 175; Ibn Juljul, Tabaqat, p. 65; alQifti, Tatrkh, p. 38o. 21 See infra. 22 Hitti, History of the Arabs, p. 364, and al-Fihrist, pp. 425-26; Ibn Juljul, Tabaqat, pp. 65-66. 23 Sa'id, Tabaqat, pp. 49-50; al-Qifti, Tatrkh, p. j, VIII, 290-91; al-Fihrist, p. 395· 24 Al-Fihrist, p. zs Another Persian astronomer was Abn Sahl al-Fadl al-Naubakhti of the famous Shiite family of Naubakht, whose founder was converted from Zoroastrianism and was attached to the service of al-Man$fir as his court astrologer.
26-27. 78 Cf. al-Milal wa' l-Nibal, II, p. 241. 20 THE LEGACY OF GREECE, ALEXANDRIA, AND THE ORIENT had a decisive influence on the Isma'ili philosophical fraternity, known as the Brethren of Purity, as we will see in a subsequent chapter. Some of the greatest Pre-Socratics, such as Heraclitus and Parmenides, are sometimes mentioned in these sources, but their teaching is not accorded the barest mention. 79 Of the Peripatetic philosophers or commentators, Theophrastus, Eudemus, Alexander of Aphrodisias, Themistius, and Olympiodorus are fairly well-known, and some of their works or commentaries on Aristotle appear to have circulated freely among scholars, as Averroes' references to some of those commentaries in his own Aristotelian commentaries clearly show.
82 Another school mentioned by al-Farabi is that of the Sceptics, followers of Pyrrho (Furun), who negated the possibility of knowledge altogether and hence are called, according to al-Farabi, the Negators ('Inadiyah). He then refers to the hedonists, followers of Epicurus, who held that the basic aim of philosophy is the pleasure attendant upon its study. This short account of Greek philosophical schools should be supplemented by al-Farabi's extensive exposition of the philosophies of Plato and Aristotle in two treatises that are sufficient to illustrate al-Farabi's wide-ranging knowledge of the Greek legacy and are discussed in Chapter Four of this book.
A History of Islamic Philosophy (3rd Edition) by Majid Fakhry