By Johann Gottlieb Fichte, Gregory Moore
This can be the 1st translation of Fichte's addresses to the German state for nearly a hundred years. The sequence of 14 speeches, introduced while Berlin was once below French career after Prussia's disastrous defeat on the conflict of Jena in 1806, is generally considered as a founding record of German nationalism, celebrated and reviled in equivalent degree. Fichte's account of the individuality of the German humans and his trust within the local superiority of its tradition helped to form German nationwide identification through the 19th century and past. With an in depth creation that places Fichte's argument in its highbrow and old context, this version brings a big and seminal paintings to a contemporary readership. the entire traditional sequence beneficial properties are supplied, together with notes for additional examining, chronology, and short biographies of key individuals.
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Extra resources for Addresses to the German Nation (Cambridge Texts in the History of Political Thought)
2. J. G. Fichte–Gesamtausgabe der Bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, ed. Reinhard Lauth, Hans Gliwitzky and Erich Fuchs (Stuttgart/Bad Cannstatt: Frommann-Holzboog, 1964– ). Heinrich Pestalozzi, How Gertrud Teaches Her Children (1801), trans. Lucy E. Holland and Francis C. Turner (London: Allen and Unwin, 1938). xlv Addresses to the German Nation Foreword The following addresses were delivered as a series of lectures in Berlin during the winter of 1807–8 and are a continuation of my Characteristics of the Present Age, which I presented during the winter of 1804–5 in the same location (and which were printed by this publisher in 1806).
An excellent essay on the theory of language in the Addresses is: David Martyn, ‘Borrowed Fatherland: Nationalism and Linguistic Purism in Fichte’s Addresses to the German Nation’, Germanic Review, 72 (1997), 303–15. The literature on nationalism is vast. The classic study is Elie Kedourie’s oft-reprinted Nationalism (Oxford: Blackwell, 1993 ), which reserves a special, but by no means sympathetic, place for Fichte. Maurizio Viroli’s, For Love of Country (Oxford University Press, 1997) is also helpful.
Das gemeine Wesen; here and elsewhere Fichte had originally written Staat [state]. This was changed at the behest of the censor. 10 And so it comes to pass that selfishness is annihilated through its highest development, and those who willingly chose to posit no other end but themselves have imposed upon them, by an alien power, a different end such as this. No nation that has sunk into this state of dependency can raise itself by the usual means employed hitherto. If its resistance bore no fruit when it was still in possession of all its powers, then what good can resistance do now, after it has been robbed of the greater part of them?
Addresses to the German Nation (Cambridge Texts in the History of Political Thought) by Johann Gottlieb Fichte, Gregory Moore