By Seyyed Hossein Nasr, Mehdi Aminrazavi
The culture of philosophy within the Persian-speaking global is awfully wealthy, inventive and various. This anthology, that is divided into 3 volumes, goals to speak whatever of that richness and variety. The time period "philosophy" is known to in its widest experience to incorporate theological debate, philosophical Sufism and philosophical hermeneutics (ta'wil). Extending over a interval of greater than millennia, and showcasing translations via well-established students, the anthology deals complete bibliographical references all through. For a person attracted to exploring, in all their diversified manifestations, the interesting philosophical traditions of Persia, the sort of wide-ranging and bold paintings could be an imperative source. quantity 1 begins with the Zoroastrian interval and extends to the time of Biruni and Oma Khayyam, paying unique consciousness to the peripatetic institution linked to Ibn Sina (Avicenna). in the course of the pre-Islamic interval philosophy was once intertwined with faith, and it really is inside of Persian non secular texts corresponding to the Gathas, the Denkard, and the Zoroastrian texts of the Bundahisn that philosophical discussions of topics starting from metaphysics to cosmology and eschatology are to be discovered.
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Additional info for Anthology of Philosophy in Persia: Volume 1: From Zoroaster to Omar Khayyam
Once, and uttered the twenty-one words; He also exhibited to the evil spirit His own triumph in the end, and the impotence of the evil spirit, the annihilation of the demons, and the resurrection and undisturbed future existence of the creatures for ever and everlasting. 22. And the evil spirit, who perceived his own impotence and the annihilation of the demons, became confounded, and fell back to the gloomy darkness; even so as is declared in revelation, that, when one of its (the Ahunavar’s) three parts was uttered, the evil spirit contracted his body through fear, and when two parts of it were uttered he fell upon his knees, and when all of it was uttered he became confounded and impotent as to the harm he caused the creatures of Aûharmazd, and he remained three thousand years in confusion.
Of these four constellations of stars, which are said to act as leaders, there is no doubt that Haptôk-ring, the chieftain of the north, is Ursa Major; and it is usually considered that Tîstar, the chieftain of the east, is Sirius; but the other two chieftains are not so well identified, and there may be some doubt as to the proper stations of the eastern and western chieftains. It is evident, however, that the most westerly stars, visible at any one time of the year, are those which set in the dusk of the evening; and east of these, all the stars are visible during the night as far as those which rise at daybreak, which are the most easterly stars visible at that time of the year.
The Endless Form is exempt from the passage of Time. From the Endless Form the Ahunavar came forth, the genius of the Yatā ahū vairyō through which creation and the end of the world are revealed: this is the Religion. For Religion was created simultaneously with the act of creation. (30) From the Ahunavar the Spirit of the Year came forth which is now in a mixed state, half light and half dark, three hundred and sixty-five days and nights, and is a division (dispensation) of Time of the long Dominion.
Anthology of Philosophy in Persia: Volume 1: From Zoroaster to Omar Khayyam by Seyyed Hossein Nasr, Mehdi Aminrazavi