Aristotle: A Very Short Introduction (Very Short by Jonathan Barnes PDF

By Jonathan Barnes

ISBN-10: 0192854089

ISBN-13: 9780192854087

The effect of Aristotle, the prince of philosophers, at the highbrow heritage of the West is moment to none. during this publication, Jonathan Barnes examines Aristotle's clinical researches, his discoveries in good judgment and his metaphysical theories, his paintings in psychology and in ethics and politics, and his rules approximately paintings and poetry, putting his teachings of their historic context.

Reviews:

"A brief, candy, and selective statement and research of Aristotle's works and ideas. an excellent adjunct to the examining of the translated texts. A hugely advised relief to the scholar assembly Aristotle ab initio. Boy, what a book!"--Steven C. Fleishman, college of Maryland

"No different paintings on Aristotle accomplishes rather a lot in such short compass; its author's deal with and data of Aristotle's achievements are obvious on each page."--Tom Cunningham, Grand Valley nation College

"One of the best serious introductions to Aristotle ever written. transparent, concise, and intelligible."--Religious stories Review

"As an creation to Aristotle, i locate Barnes' publication ideal....his booklet offers the fundamentals in an comprehensible demeanour for beginners."--Rose Maries Surwilo, collage of St. Francis

"There is anything right here for everybody with a nostril for philosophy and its history...Barnes has supplied an outline which does justice to the grandeur and breadth of its subject."--Sarah Waterlow, instances Literary complement

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Additional resources for Aristotle: A Very Short Introduction (Very Short Introductions)

Example text

A splendid picture, and apparently told without tongue in cheek: Aristotle was taken in by a tipsy huntsman’s after-dinner yarn. Secondly, Aristotle is charged with failing to use ‘the experimental method’. The observations which fill his works – observations made by others or made by himself – are, most of them, amateur. They were made in the field and not in the laboratory. Aristotle never attempted to establish appropriate experimental conditions or to make controlled observations. There is no evidence that he tried to repeat observations, to check them, or to verify them.

You do not need the ‘experimental method’ to determine that men have two legs or to describe the hectocotylization of the octopus. Aristotle himself was aware that different sciences call for different methods. Those who accuse him of failing to experiment are victims of the vulgar error that all the sciences must be approached by the experimental path. Aristotle It is sometimes said in reply to the third charge that Aristotle’s zoology is non-quantitative because he did not possess the technical devices upon which quantitative science relies: he had no thermometer, no finely calibrated scales, no accurate chronometer.

The axioms of geometry and the principles of biology are mutually independent, but they are the same ‘by analogy’: that is to say, the conceptual apparatus Aristotle and the formal structure of all the sciences are the same. Aristotle divided knowledge into three major classes: ‘all thought is either practical or productive or theoretical’. The productive sciences are those concerned with the making of things – cosmetics and farming, art and engineering. Aristotle himself had relatively little to say about productive knowledge.

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Aristotle: A Very Short Introduction (Very Short Introductions) by Jonathan Barnes


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